Shorea robusta belongs to the Dipterocarpaceae family. Sal is one of the most important sources of hardwood timber in India, with hard, coarse-grained wood that is light in color when freshly cut and becoming dark brown with exposure. Shorea robusta belongs to the Dipterocarpaceae family.
The crown is spreading and spherical. The bark is dark brown and thick, with longitudinal fissures deep in poles, becoming shallow in mature trees, and provides effective fire protection. The sal flowers, whitish in color, appear in early summer. These are borne in raceme-like panicles in leaf axils, covered with white pubescence.
|Common Name||Shorea robusta, sal, sakhua, shala tree|
|Maximum Reachable Height||up to 35 m|
|Flower Colour||light yellow|
|Difficulty Level||easy to grow|
In wetter areas, it is evergreen; in drier areas, it is dry-season deciduous, shedding most of the leaves in between February to April.
|Fertilizer||Apply any organic fertilizer|
Sal tree resin, ṛla in Sanskrit, is used as an astringent in Ayurvedic medicine. It is also burned as incense in Hindu ceremonies, and sal seeds and fruit are a source of lamp oil and vegetable fat.