They are evergreen shrubs and small trees. The leaves are opposite or in whorls of three or four, broad, dark green and glossy with a leathery texture. The flowers are solitary or in small clusters, white, or pale yellow, with a tubular-based corolla with 5-12 lobes. Place in light to moderate shade, preferably with minimum competition from tree roots. Gardenias resent root disturbance. Use fertilizer for acid-loving plants, and use iron compounds.
Native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Asia, Madagascar and Pacific Islands. The soil, which should be loose and organic, should be kept moist, but take care not to overwater. Monitor the soil frequently for moisture, and water thoroughly as the top inch of soil dries. The gardenia plant should also receive cooler nighttime temperatures and warmer daytime temperatures.
Mid-spring to mid-summer
Special features: It has a very pleasant smell that is called a Gandhraj.
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: The plant is used for an ornamental purpose.
Medicinal use: NA