Ficus is a pantropical genus of trees, shrubs, and vines occupying a wide variety of ecological niches; most are evergreen, but some deciduous species are endemic to areas outside of the tropics and to higher elevations.
Fig species are characterized by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which utilizes wasp species belonging to the Agaonidae family for pollination. The always popular ficus tree is a member of the fig family and perfect for caring for as a houseplant. There are several varieties of this plant that are grown as houseplants.
Among these are the ficus benjamina or weeping fig, the ficus lyrata or fiddle head fig, and the ficus elastica decora or rubber tree. Ficus plants range from large trees to woody shrubs to trailing vines. The ficus comes in many shapes and sizes that make this a popular focal point in your home. Ficus (genus Ficus), a group of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines, commonly called figs.
Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the tropics of world. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. The always popular ficus tree is a member of the fig family and perfect for caring for as a houseplant.
|Plant Height||24 inch (61 cm)|
|Plant Spread||6 inch (15 cm)|
|Common Name||Ficus Panda|
|Maximum Reachable Height||It is a tree reaching 2 meters to 30 meters (98 ft) tall in natural conditions. Most people keep it as indoor for 2 to 3 years.|
|Bloom Time||The flowers are inconspicuous.|
|Difficulty Level||Easy to medium|
Cold drafts from windows or doors will harm them, so make sure to place them somewhere where drafts will not be an issue.Losing its leaves is the most common problems with ficus plants. If your ficus is losing its leaves, go through the checklist of proper ficus tree care and correct anything that you find wrong.
|Sunlight||Most ficus trees enjoy bright indirect or filtered light with variegated varieties happily able to take medium light. Bright, direct light may result in scalding of the leaves and leaf loss.|
|Watering||When watering, always check the top of the soil first. If the top of the soil is wet, do not water as this means they have enough moisture. If the top of the soil feels dry to the touch, this indicates that they need water.|
|Soil||Rich, humusy and well-drained soil|
|Temperature||Ficus trees also cannot tolerate low temperatures or drafts. They need to be kept in temperatures above 60 degrees F(16 degrees C) and actually prefer temperatures above 70 degrees F (21 degrees C).|
|Fertilizer||Feed with slow-release pellets in the beginning of the growing season. Fertilize once a month in the spring and summer and once every two months in the fall and winter.|
Most ficus bonsai trees can produce aerial roots in their natural habitat, which are often presented in appealing bonsai creations with many aerial root pillars or root over rock styles. To enable aerial root growth in our homes a humidity of nearly 100% must be achieved artificially.
You can use a glass cover, fish tank or a construction with transparent sheets for this purpose.
The Bodhi tree, under which the Buddha achieved enlightenment, is believed by many to have been a Ficus religiosa.
Fig species are characterized by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which utilizes wasp species belonging to the Agaonidae family for pollination.