Anthuriums are herbaceous epiphytes native to tropical America. Anthurium is a genus of more than 800 species found in the New World tropics from Mexico to northern Argentina and Uruguay.
The leaves are often clustered and are variable in shape. The inflorescence bears small flowers which are perfect, containing male and female structures. The flowers are contained in dense spirals on the spadix. The spadix is often elongated into a spike shape, but it can be globe-shaped or club-shaped. Beneath the spadix is the spathe, a type of bract.
Anthuriums are grown for their brightly coloured flower spathes and their ornamental leaves. In Greek, the name Anthurium means tail flower. The plant s stem lengths may grow to a height of 15-20 inches depending on the size of the spathe, i.e., the bigger the spathe, the longer the stem.
Its leaves are usually simple, large, attractively coloured and borne on long stalks. The flowering stalk is slender, ending in a fleshy column crowded with many uni-sexual flowers. They have leafy bracts which may be white, yellow, red, pink, orange or green.
Special features: The anthurium plant is grown as a houseplant in cooler areas.
Culinary use: NA
Ornamental use: The plant is used for an ornamental purpose. It generally kept indoors in a living room and in terrace area.
Medicinal use: There are reports showing the use of anthurium in steam for the discomforts of arthritis and rheumatism. You cut up the leaves and boil it in a pot and have the person sit over it in a chair with a blanket. The person sweats and the medicinal properties enter the body through the open pores. Also indicates it to be useful as a poultice for muscle aches and cramps.